Which parent carries the breast cancer gene? Everyone has two copies of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, one copy inherited from their mother and one from their father. Even if a person inherits a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation from one parent, they still have the normal copy of the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene from the other parent.
What happens if you test positive for BRCA gene? A positive test result means that you have a mutation in one of the breast cancer genes, BRCA1 or BRCA2, and therefore a much higher risk of developing breast cancer or ovarian cancer compared with someone who doesn’t have the mutation. But a positive result doesn’t mean you’re certain to develop cancer.
What age should you get tested for BRCA gene? Most health organizations recommend testing women who have a family or personal history from age 25. This is also the age at which it is advised to begin periodic screening for the early diagnosis of breast lesions, such as manual exams by a surgeon and imaging tests.
What are the 3 types of cancer genes?
- Acquired mutations. These are the most common cause of cancer.
- Germline mutations. These are less common.
- Tumor suppressor genes. These are protective genes.
- Oncogenes. These turn a healthy cell into a cancerous cell.
- DNA repair genes. These fix mistakes made when DNA is copied.